James N. Mattis is a retired United States Marine Corps general. As of November 2016, General Mattis is being considered for the position of Secretary of Defense in the new administration of President-elect Donald Trump. According to Business Insider, he is “something of a legendary figure in the US military. Viewed as a warrior among Marines and respected by members of other services, he has been at the forefront of numerous engagements.” Here are some of his unforgettable quotes:
"You cannot allow any of your people to avoid the brutal facts. If they start living in a dream world, it's going to be bad."
The "dream world" he mentioned is a reference to a complacent attitude, and it's one that can cost lives if troops aren't vigilant.
"If in order to kill the enemy you have to kill an innocent, don't take the shot. Don't create more enemies than you take out by some immoral act."
As a coauthor of the military's counterinsurgency manual (with retired Army Gen. David Petraeus), Mattis has often spoken about following the rules of engagement and being disciplined against a ruthless enemy.
"I come in peace. I didn't bring artillery. But I'm pleading with you, with tears in my eyes: If you f--- with me, I'll kill you all."
After the initial Iraq invasion, "Chaos" (his radio call sign) sent home his tanks and artillery and used the "carrot and the stick" with Iraqi tribal leaders.
"The first time you blow someone away is not an insignificant event. That said, there are some a--holes in the world that just need to be shot. There are hunters and there are victims. By your discipline, you will decide if you are a hunter or a victim."
Addressing his Marines at an air base in Iraq, he tried to motivate them to stay sharp and continue the mission.
He ended the speech, telling them in Patton-esque fashion, "I feel sorry for every son of a bitch that doesn't get to serve with you."
One of his "words to live by" for his Marines in Iraq, which was a call for his troops to remain vigilant and never let their guard down even in the company of those who seem friendly.
"We've backed off in good faith to try and give you a chance to straighten this problem out. But I am going to beg with you for a minute. I'm going to plead with you, do not cross us. Because if you do, the survivors will write about what we do here for 10,000 years."
Mattis demonstrates that he is willing to extend an olive branch to those on the fence — while carrying the weight of Marine firepower if that doesn't work out.
He led the 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade into Afghanistan in 2001 and the 1st Marine Division into Iraq in 2003, and he led an operation into Fallujah in 2004 dubbed "Operation Vigilant Resolve." He also helped to plan the later "Operation Phantom Fury."
"A country that armed Stalin to defeat Hitler can certainly work alongside enemies of Al Qaeda to defeat Al Qaeda."
He often stresses the importance of education and training on building effective future leaders.
"You go into Afghanistan, you got guys who slap women around for five years because they didn't wear a veil. You know, guys like that ain't got no manhood left anyway. So it's a hell of a lot of fun to shoot them. Actually it's quite fun to fight them, you know. It's a hell of a hoot. It's fun to shoot some people. I'll be right up there with you. I like brawling."
Some Mattis quotes don't come without a degree of controversy, including this one.
Mattis said this while speaking about his time on the ground in Afghanistan, but he was later counseled by his boss, Marine Commandant Gen. Michael Hagee, who said "he should have chosen his words more carefully."
"There are some people who think you have to hate them in order to shoot them. I don't think you do. It's just business."
Many Marines still look up to Mattis as a cult-like figure. Nevertheless, he has always been seen as a consummate professional.
A Marine officer we spoke with told Business Insider: "The more I learned about him, the more I saw that the things we were doing right seemed to be associated with his philosophy of command."
As a highly educated four-star general, Mattis probably can spell it, but he wants his Marines to know they should never let it happen.
He often emphasizes to his troops that they need to be problem solvers, using firepower only as a last result.
While one of his nicknames is "Mad Dog," many other Marines know him as the "Warrior Monk" — a general who reads and studies constantly and has never been married.
We can safely assume that Mattis, a top general, has had to sit through his share of awful PowerPoint briefings. Mattis actually banned briefers from using the software while he was in charge of US Central Command — a practice other top generals have followed.
"In this age, I don't care how tactically or operationally brilliant you are, if you cannot create harmony — even vicious harmony — on the battlefield based on trust across service lines, across coalition and national lines, and across civilian/military lines, you need to go home, because your leadership is obsolete. We have got to have officers who can create harmony across all those lines."
"Find the enemy that wants to end this experiment (in American democracy) and kill every one of them until they're so sick of the killing that they leave us and our freedoms intact."
"Treachery has existed as long as there's been warfare, and there's always been a few people that you couldn't trust."
Mattis spoke with Congress on this point after a series of so-called green-on-blue attacks that left military leaders struggling to find a solution.
Before heading into Iraq in 2003, all Marines of the 1st Marine Division received a letter from General Mattis.
In the letter, he spoke candidly to his troops, telling them "we will move swiftly and aggressively against those who resist, we will treat others with decency, demonstrating chivalry and soldierly compassion for people who have endured a lifetime under Saddam's oppression."
"You are part of the world's most feared and trusted force. Engage your brain before you engage your weapon."
This line from his 2003 letter to his Marines foreshadows his contribution in 2006 to counterinsurgency doctrine, which stresses battlefield discipline and protection of the civilian populace.
"For the mission's sake, for our country's sake, and the sake of the men who carried the Division's colors in past battles — 'who fought for life and never lost their nerve' — carry out your mission and keep your honor clean. Demonstrate to the world there is 'No Better Friend — No Worse Enemy' than a US Marine."
Mattis uses "never lost their nerve," a line from the "Marines' Hymn," in his 2003 letter to his men.
He goes on to offer another, telling them to "keep your honor clean." Mattis, an avid reader of history, wants his Marines to live up to the legacy of past warriors.
One study found that carb-rich foods such as spaghetti, whole grain bread, and oatmeal make it easier to cope with jet lag. According to the study, higher levels of insulin make it easier to transition from one sleep and eating schedule to another. Carb-rich foods help induce insulin secretion, which is why they may be helpful in preventing or minimizing jet lag.
Being hungry when you're on the ground is uncomfortable enough, but at least you can run out and grab a snack. Hunger on a plane means either caving and buying the outrageously expensive snacks on board, or sitting there and waiting until the next meal is served — if meals are being served.
Your best bet is to bring protein-rich snacks that will keep you feeling full longer. Think almonds, peanut butter and crackers, cheese, yogurt, or protein bars.
According to WebMD, it's harder to digest while in the air — so although it's OK to eat, filling up isn't the best idea. In fact, depending on how long your flight is, you might want to eat just before boarding and eat only snacks while on the plane. If you do eat on the plane, keep in mind that warm foods are better than cold foods since they're easier to digest.
If you've ever sat next to someone who has requested a vegetarian meal on a plane, you know that these meals are the first to be served. So if you're hoping to get your food before everyone else — which means not having to wait for the full service and being able to get to sleep sooner — request a special meal. There are multiple kinds of meals you can request depending on the airline you're flying, from gluten-free to kosher, so make sure to check online before your flight.
While there's no magic amount of water you should drink on a flight, health experts usually recommend drinking more than you normally do because air travel is dehydrating. Continue drinking throughout the flight — don't wait until you're thirsty to ask the flight attendant for some water.
If decaffeinated green tea is an option on your flight, you might want to take advantage. The drink has been said to help stave off the onset of jet lag.
If you're the kind of person who falls asleep more easily after a glass of wine, then by all means order a small bottle. But keep in mind that although alcohol is a depressant, it can act as a stimulant for the first few hours after you drink it, which means it might actually keep you up.
Drinking too much can lead to multiple issues such as dehydration and grogginess that will only exacerbate the dehydration you're already experiencing and the jet lag you'll most likely experience once you land. There's also the chance that you'll get sick, and no one wants to spend the better part of a long-distance flight in a cramped — and possibly not-so-clean — bathroom.
While sweatpants shouldn't be your go-to travel attire, it's a good idea to wear more comfortable, loose clothing on a flight — especially a long one. For men, this can mean jeans and a T-shirt; women may try leggings and a sweater.
Long flights can mean going from freezing to overheated and back again. To keep your body at a comfortable temperature, it's best to layer your clothing. Don't just wear a T-shirt and bring a heavy jacket — instead, wear a T-shirt with a sweater or sweatshirt over it, and then consider bringing a jacket as well, just in case. This 15-in-1 jacket would be ideal for hassle-free travel.
A scarf comes in handy on a flight since it can be used as a fashion accessory, a blanket, and even lumbar support (see below). Even expert travelers swear by them.
Sure, they're not the hottest accessory out there, but your neck will thank you. Plus, being physically comfortable will improve your general well-being and will likely help you sleep.
Why airplane seats were designed with a curve is beyond us, but their C-shape does nothing for the human spine, which looks more like an S, thus causing passengers to have achy backs and necks. Wedging a pillow, blanket, scarf, or sweater behind your lower back will counteract the seat's shape and keep your spine in its natural shape.
The ambient roar of a plane's engine — and background noise in general — is said to cause stress. Noise-cancelling headphones or earplugs will not only block out that noise, but also block out other sounds that can keep you awake, like crying babies or flight attendants trying to serve meals.
An eye mask isn't the most flattering look when you're flying, but blocking out light helps with jet lag, as light affects your circadian rhythm. It also mentally prepares you for sleep and blocks out the early breakfast wake-up on long-haul flights.
If compression socks are a little too much for you, you can do some in-seat exercises to get the same effect. Airlines such as Qantas and Virgin even suggest exercises, and Qantas suggests engaging in them for three or four minutes every hour.
Exercises include lifting your feet off the ground by a few inches and rotating them in circles; keeping your heels on the floor and pointing your toes up as far as you can, then pointing your toes down while lifting your heels up; and rolling your shoulders forward and backward.
Traveling drains your phone's battery — while you're waiting, you're probably playing games, texting, or checking weather, traffic, or delays. Make sure your phone and tablet are fully charged before you leave, or bring some extra juice in the form of a power pack.
A window seat not only gives you a nice, solid wall to rest your head on for a more comfortable nap, but it also means you won't be disturbed by passing beverage carts, and that you have to get up only when you need to go to the bathroom.
Many experts claim that the seats by a plane's wing experience less turbulence since they're closer to the plane's center of gravity.
In the case of an emergency, closed-toed shoes are your safest bet. There could be fire, debris, or shards of glass, and closed-toed shoes will also let you move faster if need be.